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Track 11

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摘要:Track 11 语音播放
Track 11
语音播放
答案:0
解析:
What does the professor say about artists' opinions of government support for the arts?
A. Most artists believe that the government should provide more funding for the arts.
B. Most artists approve of the ways in which the government supports the arts.
C. Even artists do not agree on whether the government should support the arts.
D. Even artists have a low opinion of government support for the arts.

答案:C
解析:
Why does the professor mention the Kennedy Center and Lincoln Center?
A. To give examples of institutions that benefit from corporate support
B. To illustrate why some artists oppose the building of cultural centers
C. To show how two centers were named after presidents who supported the arts
D. To name two art centers built by the government during the Depression

答案:A
解析:
The class discusses some important events related to government support for the arts in the United States. Put the events in order from earliest to latest.
?? Write your answer choices in the spaces where they belong. You can either write the letter of your answer choice or you can copy the sentence. The first one is done for you.

Answer Choices
A. Arts councils were established in all 50 states of the country.
B. The federal budget supporting the arts was reduced by half.
C. The Federal Art Project helped reduce unemployment.
D. The National Endowment for the Arts was establishe
答案:CDAB
解析:
According to the discussion, in what two ways was the Federal Art Project successful? Choose 2 answers.
A. It established standards for art schools.
B. It provided jobs for many artists.
C. It produced many excellent artists.
D. It gave many people greater access to the arts.
答案:B,D,
解析:
What is the discussion mainly about?
A. Reasons the United States government should not support the arts
B. The history of government support for the arts in the United States
C. Strengths and weaknesses of different government-sponsored arts programs
D. Different ways in which governments can help support artists

答案:B
解析:[听力原文] 29-33
Narrator
?? Listen to part of a discussion in a United States government class.
Professor
?? OK, last time we were talking about government support for the arts. Who can sum up some of the main points? Frank?
Male student
?? Well, I guess there wasn't really any, you know, official government support for the arts until the twentieth century. But the first attempt the United States government made to, you know, to support the arts was the Federal Art Project.
Professor
?? Right. So, what can you say about the project?
Male student
?? Um, it was started during the Depression, um, in the 1930s, to employ out-of-work artists.
Professor
?? So was it successful? Janet? What do you say?
Female student
?? Yeah, sure, it was successful—I mean, for one thing, the project established a lot of, like, community art centers and, uh, galleries in places like rural areas where people hadn't really had access to the arts.
Professor
?? Right.
Male student
?? Yeah, but didn't the government end up wasting a lot of money for art that wasn't even very good?
Professor
?? Uh, some people might say that, but wasn't the primary objective of the Federal Art Project to provide jobs?
Male student
?? That's true. I mean, it did provide jobs for thousands of unemployed artists.
Professor
?? Right, but then, when the United States became involved in the Second World War, unemployment was down, and it seemed that these programs weren't really necessary any longer.
?? So, moving on... we don't actually see any govern—er, well, any real government involvement in the arts again until the early 1960s, when President Kennedy and other politicians started to push for major funding to support and promote the arts. It was felt by a number of politicians that, well, that the government had a responsibility to... uh, support the arts as sort of, oh what can we say, the soul, or spirit of the country. The idea was that there'd be a federal subsidy, uh, financial assistance to artists and artistic or cultural institutions. And for just those reasons, in 1965, the National Endowment for the Arts was created.
?? So, it was through the NEA, the National Endowment for the Arts, um, that the arts would develop, would be promoted throughout the nation. And then, individual states throughout the country started to establish their own state arts councils to help support the arts. There was kind of a cultural explosion—and by the mid-1970s, by 1974, I think, all 50 states had their own arts agencies, their own state arts councils that worked with the federal government, with corporations, artists, performers, you name it.
Male student
?? Did you just say corporations? How were they involved?
Professor
?? Well, you see, corporations aren't always altruistic, they might not support the arts unless... well, unless the government made it attractive for them to do so, by offering corporations tax incentives to support the arts—that is by letting corporations pay less in taxes if they were patrons of the arts. Uh, the Kennedy Center in Washington, D.C., you may, maybe you've been there, or Lincoln Center in New York. Both of these were built with substantial financial support from corporations. And the Kennedy and Lincoln Centers aren't the only examples—many of your cultural establishments in the United States will have a plaque somewhere acknowledging the support, the money, they've received from whatever corporation. Yes, Janet?
Female student
?? But aren't there a lot of people who don't think it's the government's role to support the arts?
Professor
?? Well, as a matter of fact, a lot of politicians who did not believe in government support for the arts, they wanted to do away with the agency entirely for that very reason—to get rid of governmental support—but they only succeeded in taking away about half the annual budget. And as far as the public goes... well, there are about as many individuals who disagree with government support as there are those who agree—in fact, with artists in particular, you have lots of artists who support—and who have benefited from—this agency, although it seems that just as many artists oppose a government agency being involved in the arts for many different reasons—reasons like they don't want the government to control what they create. In other words... the arguments both for and against government funding of the arts are as many and, and as varied as the individual styles of the artists who hold them.
Track 10


语音播放?
答案:0
解析:
Listen to Track 9.
A. The movement pattern of the rocks was misreported by researchers.
B. The rocks are probably being moved by people.
C. The movement pattern of the rocks does not support the wind theory.
D. There must be differences in the rocks' composition.

答案:C
解析:[听力原文]
Narrator
?? Listen again to part of the lecture. Then answer the question.
Professor
?? Most of the rocks move in the same direction as the dominant wind pattern, from southwest to northeast. But some, and this is interesting, move straight west, while some zigzag... or even move in large circles. Hmmm... how can that be?
Narrator
?? What does the professor imply when he says this:
Professor
?? But some, and this is interesting, move straight west, while some zigzag... or even move in large circles. Hmmm... how can that be?
Track 9
语音播放?
答案:0
解析:

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